Nuclear Medicine Technology I

Katsuhiko KATO Professor

Department: School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine

Class Time: 2011 Spring & Fall Thursday (Spring) Monday (Fall)
Recommended for: School of Health Sciences Radiological Technology
3rd year students

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Course Contents

Nuclear medicine is a field of medicine specializing in the diagnosis and therapy of diseases using various kinds of radioisotopes (RI).

Nuclear medicine is one of the major fields of radiology and gives rise to important information about the functions and metabolic states of organs and tissues. In particular, single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and positron emission tomography (PET) are powerful modalities for the diagnosis of diseases, and nowadays are indispensable in the clinical setting of hospital and clinics, and a great technical development of SPECT and PET is currently in progress.

The I-131 therapy against Graves' disease and thyroid cancer has been continuing for over 50 years. In addition, a radioactive pharmaceutical injection developed to relieve bone pain in patients with painful skeletal metastases (Metastron, strontium-89) and radioimmunotherapy (a radiolabeled monoclonal antibody) indicated for treatment of patients with relapsed or refractory low grade or follicular B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) (Zevalin® (ibritumomab tiuxetan), Y-90) have been widely used.

In this course, students must not only learn basic and practical knowledge of nuclear medicine useful for learning the clinical diagnoses of diseases, but also acquire the ability to respond to the technical development in the field of nuclear medicine. In addition, students must study actual cases of various diseases so that they can pass the national examination for radiological technicians.

Teacher's Tips

The basics of nuclear medicine are explained using power-point slides. The students are given chances to observe many images of actual cases of various diseases so that they can acquire basic knowledge concerning clinical examinations relating to nuclear medicine. Because there are dozens of clinical examinations relating to nuclear medicine, it is difficult to learn them all during the lectures. The students must make an effort to acquire the practical ability necessary for radiological technicians in clinical setting by repeatedly studying actual clinical cases of various diseases. In general, many exam questions about the clinical examinations of nuclear medicine are included in the national examination for radiological technicians. Special consideration is also given for students to learn the practical knowledge useful for the national examination for radiological technicians. This course is opens in the 3rd year and is therefore designed as a basis for clinical practice in the 4th year class.

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Course Procedure

Because it is impossible to cover all the necessary points of nuclear medicine during the lectures, the students must learn the rest using the textbooks cited above. If students have any questions, please ask me during the lectures or try to visit me.

Course Schedule

The following lectures (1-7) are also held as Radioisotope Technology for the students belonging to the Course of Medical Technology.

Session Contents
1 Introduction: What is Nuclear Medicine?; Radiophatmaceuticals
2 General Clinical Nuclear Medicine: In Vivo Examinations (Central Nervous System; Thyroid and Other Endocrine Organs; Respiratory System; Myocardial Ischemia and Viability; Musculoskeletal System)
3 General Clinical Nuclear Medicine: In Vivo Examinations (Gastrointestinal Tract; Genitourinary System; Tumors; Infections)
4 General Clinical Nuclear Medicine: Clinical Positron Emission Tomography
5 General Clinical Nuclear Medicine: In Vitro Examinations (Radioimmunoassay and Immunoradiometric Assay)
6 General Clinical Nuclear Medicine: Radiation Safety and Health Physics
7 General Clinical Nuclear Medicine: Nuclear Medicine Imaging Instrumentation; Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography
8 Specialized Nuclear Medicine: Central Nervous System
9 Specialized Nuclear Medicine: Musculoskeletal System
10 Specialized Nuclear Medicine: Thyroid and Other Endocrine Organs
11 Specialized Nuclear Medicine: Radionuclide Therapy
12 Specialized Nuclear Medicine: Radionuclide Therapy
13 Specialized Nuclear Medicine: Clinical Positron Emission Tomography
14 Specialized Nuclear Medicine: Tumors; Infections
15 Summary / Exam

Grading

The grading is given by the end-of-term examination.

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Page last updated November 8, 2011

The class contents were most recently updated on the date indicated. Please be aware that there may be some changes between the most recent year and the current page.

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